Although there are currently many for which the 4G is still a distant dream manufacturers and operators are already looking beyond. The up to 300 Mbps downtime offered to us today 4G networks seem not to be sufficient for future demands and the industry is already preparing the new leap, the arrival of 5G. But while it is beginning to talk about it, the fact is that manufacturers are still on the foundations of a technology that has already proven that it can deliver up to more than 7 Gbps in real environments.
5G is a set of standards, which means that 5G will be any technology that meets certain parameters, which put a lot of emphasis on data transfer speed. For example, LTE is the technology most commonly associated with 4G connectivity although some other standards such as HSPA + and WiMAX were also rated as 4G and are now considered as precursors to true 4G technology, LTE networks.
Some of the most important challenges of 5G networks will be the ability to balance the voracious consumption of data with the limits of the networks, the duration of the battery of the mobile devices and the cost of the service. 5G networks will have to offer greater data transmission capacity, be faster, more energy efficient and be less expensive than any other technology used today. In the future, many applications ranging from advanced virtual reality games as well as automated cars will require a shorter network response time to take immediate action.
The 5G technology will have a profound impact on the Internet of Things; a term very used lately in the world of technology and that refers to the connectivity of virtually any device that goes from a Smartphone, cars that are handled alone and digestible sensors. Once all our devices have connectivity, we expect that all our devices can communicate immediately and smoothly.
According to the 5G innovation center, the key to the success of 5G networks will be a deep optimization of network connections to make use of the technology that is on the streets, balancing the behavior patterns of users with the available resources.
The speed of 5G will break all the barriers so far imaginable, offering connections higher than 10 Gbps, that is, mobile networks will be between 100 and 1,000 times faster than the current ones and, at the same time, will be a major improvement in Terms of energy efficiency for mobile devices.
The reality is that currently the 5G has just come out of the labs. At the end of 2014 we saw how Samsung was conducting tests in real, really promising environments. In the test performed on a vehicle traveling at four kilometers per hour the speed reached reach 7.5 Gbps download speed, while traveling at 100 kilometers per hour, quite problematic with other types of networks due to the jumps between antennas that Often involve connection losses, the Koreans achieved a download rate of 1.2 Gbps, also making the connection stable, without disconnections or interruptions.
There is still no date for the adoption of 5G networks although the year 2020 is handled as a possibility. 4G networks are now at their peak and according to a report by GSMA Intelligence, the saturation of 4G networks will not be achieved until after 2020.